The A380 FAL is over 1.6 million sqft in size and employs thousands. The aircraft is operated by a crew of three – two pilots and a loadmaster. The aircraft measures an incredible 56.15 m (184 ft.) in length, 17.24 m (56 ft.) in height, and has a wingspan of 44.84m (147 ft.). Read more Airbus Beluga A300-600ST - Takeoff at Hamburg ... - YouTube The Airbus Beluga is a large and unique plane under the Cargo section. The original one was based on a standard A300, while the new model will be based on the A330. The Airbus Beluga XL is a planned large transport aircraft based on the A330-200 airliner, to be the successor to the Airbus Beluga. [14] In May 2015, Airbus confirmed that the new aircraft will have a 1 m (3 ft 3 in) wider cross-section than its predecessor and provide a 12% increase in payload. [4] By 2012, the fleet was performing roughly 5,000 flight hours per year; Airbus expected this figure to double by 2017. The Beluga XL, based on the Airbus A330 with similar modifications and dimensions, was developed by Airbus to replace the type in January 2020. The geographic location of Airbus manufacturing is not only influenced by cost and convenience; it is also a matter of aviation history and national interest. Accept. It was flown from Paris to Tokyo via Bahrain and Kolkata in about 20 hours. [10][11][12] The Beluga XL entered service in 2020. Following a total of 335 flight hours being performed during the test program, restricted certification of the type was awarded by the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) in October 1995, enabling the A300-600ST "Beluga" to enter service shortly thereafter. [22][23], The Beluga has seen recurrent use to transport bulky objects, including vehicles, for various different space programs. They are based on the A330-200 Freighter, with a large re-use of existing components and equipments. The Beluga XL will gradually replace the existing five-member A300-600ST Beluga fleet from the middle of this year until 2025. A while back I was fortunate enough to tour Airbus Beluga 1 during a visit in Hamburg. [9], In 1999, a Beluga carried a large painting, Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix,[20] which had hung in the Louvre in Paris since 1874. Airbus had made five of the original Beluga aircraft by 2013. [4] In February 2003, a single Beluga performed the farthest distance charter flight ever, having flown for 25 hours (not including refueling stops) to transport two complete NHI NH90 helicopters along with a single Eurocopter Tiger attack helicopter from Marseille, France to Melbourne, Australia, for the Avalon Airshow. In late 1997, in response to the positive performance of the A300-600ST Super Transporter program, SATIC announced that they were in the process of evaluating several different prospective outsize freighter conversions; company chairman Udo Dräger indicated that a larger freighter based on the Airbus A340 could be developed in a similar manner to that of the A300-based Beluga. [8] In addition to the first aircraft, four more Belugas were constructed at a rate of roughly one per year; from start to finish, each airframe reportedly took roughly three years to complete. It's so large, it can carry the wings of Airbus' A350 aircraft. The Beluga took its first flight in 1994. For further information, please refer to our That’s big but not big enough to transport all the fuselage components for an A380. At 63m long and 8m wide, the Beluga XL has the largest cargo bay of all existing cargo aircraft worldwide. It’s one of the few craft large enough to complete this task. Also known as A300-600ST Super Transporter, the company’s five existing Belugas play a key role in keeping its production and assembly network operating at full capacity, with the fleet’s overall pace of operations – managed by the Airbus Transport International (ATI) subsidiary – growing to support production ramp-ups. So Airbus assessed several other aircraft such as the Antonov An-124 and An-225, Boeing C-17 or Dreamlifter, and A400M before modifying one of its own aircraft. The Beluga XL airbus based on the Airbus A300 airliner is a large transport plane. Airbus owns a similar wide-body cargo jet bigger than Dreamlifter branded as the “Beluga XL“. The Beluga XL, based on the Airbus A330 with similar modifications and dimensions, was developed by Airbus to replace the type in January 2020. Review the list of most commonly asked questions for Airbus Commercial Aircraft, which are divided into separate categories: General, A220, A320, A330, A350 XWB, A380 and Beluga. Made for the heaviest and biggest parts at the time the Airbus A340 wings. The Beluga XL is intended primarily for A350 work, and is designed with capacity to ship two A350 wings simultaneously. On April 15, 2019, Airbus’ second Beluga XL took flight. Airbus just released its newest aircraft into the skies, but by the looks of it, it could belong in the sea. [4] Over time, the Beluga has been used to carry a variety of special loads, including space station components, large and delicate artwork, industrial machinery, and intact helicopters. [5][16] Despite this width, the Beluga cannot carry most fuselage parts of the Airbus A380, which are instead normally transported by ship and road. A second Beluga XL joined the first of the large transporters in March 2019. The BelugaXL can carry two A350 XWB wings compared to the Beluga ST, which can only carry one. The big picture: Airbus Beluga XL exits paintshop 29 Jun 2018 News Airbus confirms it will stop building the A380 14 Feb 2019 News Breaking down Airbus and Boeing's 2018 figures 11 Jan 2019 News In 2005, the Beluga was employed to transport humanitarian aid and medical supplies from the United Kingdom and France to the Gulf Coast of the United States, in support of disaster-relief operations in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. The Beluga XL is the successor to the Beluga, or Airbus A300-600ST, which has been in operation since 1995. [4][5], To provide access to the cargo area from the front without having to disconnect all electrical, hydraulic and flight control connections (and also avoiding the lengthy recalibrations before each flight that reconnection entailed), the standard A300 cockpit was relocated down below the cargo-floor level. H. Gousse/Master Films/Airbus At nearly 62 feet high, the XL stands a good six feet taller than the original Beluga. ", "How Airbus has optimised its Beluga operation", "Airbus Aircraft Family: Beluga – Dimensions & key data", "Airbus A300-600ST Beluga – Aerospace Technology", Photo Tour of an Airbus Beluga A300-600ST, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Airbus_Beluga&oldid=996958817, Articles with dead external links from September 2014, Short description is different from Wikidata, Aircraft specs templates using more general parameter, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 10:40. Although sluggish, this cargo plane is great for role-play and is an impressive sight from afar. In 2011, Pau Pyrénées Airport, a site routinely visited by Belugas, became the first airport in Europe to deploy the European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service, which accurately guides the Beluga and other aircraft during landing. There is big, and then there is this thing. The Beluga has been used to transport some A380 components. However, it is restricted by cargo-weight capacity of 47 tonnes, compared to 122.5 tonnes for the C-5 Galaxy and 150 tonnes for the An-124. An Airbus Beluga declared an emergency while flying to north Wales. Where the Dreamlifter looks like a 747 that ate too much, the Beluga looks like a plane with a really big forehead and a body to match. [13] Airbus previously considered the A330-300 and A340-500, but each require too much of the limited 1,663 m (5,456 ft) runway 04 at Hawarden Airport near Broughton in Wales. [4] Amongst the early customers chartering Beluga flights was Boeing. The five-aircraft fleet of A300-600ST Belugas – operated by the Airbus Transport International (ATI) subsidiary – carries major components (fuselage sections, wings and tails) for Airbus’ single-aisle A320 Family, widebody A330 and A350 families and A400M. I can tell you that the beast is even more impressive in person than it is via photos. It’s not a plane with a horrible, disfiguring growth that nobody likes to talk about. Bristolians will be among the first in Britain to glimpse Airbus’s new 'whale-shaped' plane as it makes its debut flight. However these weren’t able to keep up with production growth in aviation any longer. ", "Airbus Industrie carries Delacroix painting to Japan", "Airbus Beluga aid work remembered 10 years on from Hurricane Katrina. In 1997, ATI claimed that it had to reject eight out of ten requests for commercial Beluga flights, the fleet being able to spare only 130 flight hours for such duties that year. Also included in the cockpit are controls for a transportable heating module that can be installed in the main deck cargo compartment. The massive cargo plane was on its way to Hawarden from Germany when it declared an emergency on Friday afternoon. Historically, each of the Airbus partners makes an entire aircraft section, which would then be transported to a central location for final assembly; even after the integration of Airbus into a single firm, the arrangement remained largely the same, with Airbus partners becoming subsidiaries or contractors of the multinational pan-European company. Its proper name is the Airbus A300-600ST (Super Transporter), and it’s based on the A300-600. cookies policy. The Airbus Beluga XL2 is due to land at Hawarden airport for the first time. The distinctive aircraft, that has been given a smiley face because it looks like a Beluga whale, made its first appearance in the UK as part of its testing programme. The Beluga has a cargo hold of 53,000 cubic feet, placing it between the C-5 Galaxy and Antonov AN-124 in terms of volume capacity. (2 200nm). The Beluga is massive, bigger than any standard cargo jet, and is known for having one of the biggest cargo holds in the world. With a max payload of 51 tons—the equivalent of … (* ) Aircraft weights and capabilities shown are the highest values. The Beluga started flying in 1995. ", "Big ideas: Megalifters prove you’re never too fat to fly. Airbus uses cookies (including from third parties) to offer useful features and measure performance to improve you browsing experience, providing visitors with the best possible experience when using the website. [7] Boeing made their own offer to convert several Boeing 767s for the requirement, but this was viewed as inferior to developing a purpose-built aircraft using Airbus' existing wide-body twin-engined Airbus A300-600R instead. Modification work was performed at Toulouse using components provided by the Airbus assembly line. [4] The wings, engines, landing gear, and the lower part of the fuselage remain identical to those used on the conventional A300, while the upper part of the fuselage forms an enormous horseshoe-shaped structure 7.7 m (25 ft) in diameter. It encloses the forward section including the open large cargo door for less weather restrictions and faster 1h 20min turnaround down from 2h 30min. [4] The General Electric CF6-80C2 turbofan engines used are slightly uprated from those used on the standard A300 as well. From 1972 onwards, a fleet of four highly modified "Super Guppies" took over. This Beast Can Fly Four Million Miles In … The size of the Airbus Beluga XL can really only be appreciated when it is parked next to other considerably large sky vessels. Airbus Beluga & Beluga XL. The XL has its enlarged fuselage “bubble” section that is 6 metres longer and 1 metre wider than on the Beluga ST and will be able to lift a payload 6 tons heavier . Airbus has already started the process of replacing the Beluga; that project is currently dubbed the “Beluga XL” (I hope that they come up with a better name). Although the Dreamlifter provides cargo space of 65,000 cubic feet, the Beluga XL has an amazing 78,000 cubic feet of cargo space. [18] In 2015, a dedicated Beluga loading station was opened at Hawarden Airport, preventing high winds from disrupting future operations. [15], The A300-600ST Beluga shares many design similarities, although substantially differing in appearance, to the Airbus A300 upon which it was based. Big Beluga. The shiny new bulb headed giant flew from Airbus’ plant in Toulouse to Chester Hawarden Airport, home of its Broughton plant, where wings for most of its products are produced. The new, bigger version of the Airbus Beluga cargo aircraft, the Beluga XL came to the UK for the first time today with a flight from Toulouse, France. [25], A two-bay loading dock was opened in Toulouse in 2019, receiving 85-100 flights a week, as the five A300-600STs are operated 7,600 hours a year together. [9] In 2009, a Beluga was used to convey the Tranquility module of the International Space Station from Turin to Kennedy Space Center, United States. [7], In August 1991, Aérospatiale and DASA, two of the major Airbus partners, formed a 50/50 joint venture company, Super Airbus Transport International (SATIC), based in Toulouse, France, to develop a new-build replacement for the Super Guppy fleet. [7][4], In November 2014, Airbus announced that it was proceeding with the development of a larger replacement based on the Airbus A330-200, replacing the last old Beluga in 2025. [7], Several different types of aircraft were examined for potential use, including the Antonov An-124, Antonov An-225, Ilyushin Il-86, Boeing 747, Boeing 767, Lockheed C-5 Galaxy, and McDonnell Douglas C-17 Globemaster III; the use of any existing aircraft was eventually discounted due to a lack of internal space to accommodate the desired components, the use of a piggyback arrangement was also dismissed as impractical. Airbus’s oddly shaped jet – named for its resemblance to the whale of the same name – will replace an older 'Beluga' model being phased out by Airbus. It received the official name of Super Transporter early on; however, the name Beluga, a whale it resembles,[2][3] gained popularity and has since been officially adopted. Just five of the Beluga AirbusXL super-transporters have been built so far, with a sixth expected by 2023. It actually competes with the new Embraer plane that looks like a shark in the eye-catching big fish stakes. ", "Another module for the International Space Station leaves Turin. Five aircraft will be progressively assembled; the first two are considered essential to ramping-up production of the A350; the remaining three are to be introduced as the A300-600 Beluga fleet retires. This is being designed, built and will be operated by Airbus to move large aircraft components. These were former Boeing Stratocruisers from the 1940s that had been converted with custom fuselages and the adoption of turbine engines to carry large volume loads for NASA's space program in the 1960s. [21] The large canvas, measuring 2.99 metres (9.81 ft) high by 3.62 metres (11.88 ft) long,[21] was too large to fit into a Boeing 747. Oh yes. It’s the third of six Airbus A300-600ST Beluga in the flying-display at the 1999 Paris Airshow. It has the largest cargo bay cross section of any existing cargo aircraft worldwide, providing 30% extra transport capacity to support the ongoing production increase of the commercial aircraft program Celebrating 50 years since Airbus’ creation, representatives from each of the company’s in-production commercial jetliner families – A220, A320, A330, A350 XWB and A380 – are joined in a May 2019 formation flight by France’s Patrouille de France aerobatic demonstration team, Airbus commercial aircraft family in formation with Patrouille de France The aircraft is based on the A330 aircraft, to become the successor of Airbus Beluga. The main instrument panel incorporates six cathode ray tube (CRT) displays that continuously provide flight, navigation and systems-monitoring information in a clear, comprehensive manner. The new Beluga, to be based on the A330-200F, will primarily be used to transport A350 parts and, in time, replace the older Beluga altogether. The new Airbus Beluga XL 3 at Broughton (Image: Daily Post Wales). Airbus Beluga The Beluga line of aircraft serves a crucial role for Airbus. The Beluga carried the Columbus Module in March of 2006. This King of Cargo is an astounding sixty-three meters long, which is seven meters longer than its predecessor, and eight meters wide, where the former Beluga was seven meters wide. It was transported in the vertical position inside a special pressurized container provided with isothermal protection and an anti-vibration device. It received the official name of Super Transporter early on; however, the name Beluga, a whale it resembles, gained popularity and has since been officially adopted. The first BelugaXL delivered to Airbus Transport International (ATI) performed its first operational flight on 9 January 2020, Service entry of the first BelugaXL occurred five years after the programme’s launch in November 2014, The lowered cockpit, the cargo bay structure and the rear-end and tail give Airbus’ BelugaXL its distinctive look, Airbus’ BelugaXL has the largest cargo bay cross-section of all existing cargo aircraft worldwide, Airbus’ BelugaXL is based on the company’s A330-200 Freighter, enabling the re-use of existing components and equipment, Airbus’ BelugaXL, which entered service in January 2020, has the largest cargo bay cross-section of all existing cargo aircraft worldwide, Celebrating the BelugaXL airlifter’s Type Certification in November 2019 are, from left to right: Florentino Bascunana, BelugaXL Project Certification Manager at EASA; Sébastien Freissinet, Airbus BelugaXL Type Certification Manager; Veronique Roca, Airbus BelugaXL Technical Director and Chief Engineer; Bertrand George, Airbus Sr. VP & Head of BelugaXL Programme; Jean-Brice Dumont, Airbus Executive VP - Engineering; Carla Iorio, EASA, Head of CT1.4 Special Aeroplanes & Projects, In celebration of the company’s 50th anniversary in 2019, Airbus conducted a special formation flight with representatives from each member of its in-production commercial aircraft product line – A220-300, A319neo, A330-900, A350-1000 and A380 – plus the next-generation BelugaXL airlifter, The BelugaXL was launched to address the transport and ramp-up capacity requirements for Airbus own industrial network beyond 2019, succeeding the predecessor Beluga ST versions currently in service, Airbus 50th Years Anniversary - Formation Flight - May 2019 Tonnes, the Beluga has been in operation since 1995 uprated from those used on the by! 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